Golden Ratio for Designers –Everything You Need to Know!

Golden Ratio for Designers –Everything You Need to Know!

Is the concept of the golden ratio intimidating? Are you always wondering what it is and why it is so important for designers? If your answer is yes to any of these questions, you are in the right place. This article will give you an insight into everything you must know about the Golden Ratio.

The various distinctive designers have their own style and understanding of art and design. It is subjective in a way that is unacceptable for one can be a masterpiece for another. So, how do you know whether your specific piece is worth or even close to perfect?

The Golden Ratio solves this problem by guiding you to make all your artwork the ultimate aesthetic piece. It is a mathematical number that is present in every art, be it man-made or natural. Once you know the theory of this ratio, you will be able to notice it all around you.

So, before much ado, let us get to the answer of what is the golden ratio.

What is the Golden Ratio?

It is a mathematical result that was devised by the Greeks after noticing the recurring patterns in nature. Long answer short, the Golden Ratio equals 1.618 when taken the first three decimal places. You must be wondering on what basis was this ratio reached upon?

(Source : Google Images)

Divide a line into two, and if their ratio is equal to that of their sum to the smaller section, you will get a golden ratio. For example, if you divide a line into ‘A’ and ‘B,’ where ‘A’ is the larger section, it will be in the golden ratio if,

Thousands of years back, researchers noticed a recurring mathematical sequence in everything they saw. From the patterns of leaves to the scales of a pineapple, it was present everywhere. Even the fingers on human hands can reflect the golden ratio.

Also known as Phi, this number is based upon the very famous Fibonacci. The sequence involves the sum of the previous two numbers. When starting from 0, you can get the arrangement as 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, up to infinity.

Calculating the ratio of the Fibonacci number with the previous digit in the sequence, you will get 1.61803… The number can be quite long, which is why only three digits are taken after the decimal. That is how the golden ratio was introduced!

But why use it in art and design? Why is the golden ratio important?

Why is the Golden Ratio Important?

By now, you must have got the hang of what is the golden ratio and how it was devised. You will be able to notice the ratio in every architectural design, artwork, music, nature, and more, from the Eiffel Tower to the pattern of a rose, and also in the very famous painting of Mona Lisa.

(Source : Google Images)

If you study all the practical examples, you can find one thing in common—the perfect composition. The golden ratio helps a designer to obtain a harmonious piece of art that is aesthetically pleasing.

It helps a designer to create a perfectly-delightful image or design. Even unintentionally, the golden ratio lets you build focus on the most crucial portion of a piece. Long talk short, it makes you create a balanced outcome that is pleasing from every angle.

You can say, if you go by this mathematical ratio, you are sure to get the ultimate result (or next-to-perfect). While artists have unique capabilities of formulating designs, the golden ratio defines judgment to perfect designing.

One of the most significant aspects of this ratio is that it gives you a simple number to achieve perfection. Moreover, it is very easy to incorporate into your daily work. From writing and drawing to graphic designing and much more, you can use it to enhance your art and design.

Let us get to some of the most common ways of using the Golden ratio.

Practical Use of Golden Ratio for Designers

The Greeks used it to design buildings of perfect dimensions. Leonardo Da Vinci created the Last Supper by extensively applying this ratio. That is not all. It is believed by many that even the Great Pyramid of Egypt was constructed with the help of the golden ratio! Do you see the value?

When all the great artists and designers have religiously incorporated this mathematical number, even you can!

How to Use the Golden Ratio in Designing?

You can best understand its use by learning to form the basic shapes with the help of this ratio. The most commonly-used golden shapes include rectangle, triangle, circle, and spiral.

Here is a step-by-step guide to creating a rectangle with the help of the golden ratio. Once you are clear about drawing a golden rectangle, making other golden shapes will be a piece of cake.

How to Create a Golden Rectangle?

Step 1: Draw a square of your preferred size. You must note that the size of this square will determine the breadth of the rectangle.


Step 2Draw a vertical line right at the center of the square. It will divide the figure into two halves. Now, you have two rectangles of equal size.



Step 3Draw a diagonal line in one of the rectangles. The line should be straight, connecting two opposite corners of one of the figures.


Step 4Rotate the diagonal line such that it touches the bottom. Extend the breadth of the current rectangle such that it touches the curve. You will get a quarter of a circle or a curved-figure.

Step 5: With the help of this extended line, create a new rectangle. The horizontal line will be the breadth of the new rectangle, while the original rectangle’s side will be the common length.

If you notice the entire figure, you have three small rectangles or a big one enclosing all three. Voila! Your golden rectangle is ready!

There is another way to get the same result.

Step 1: Draw a small rectangle of any size, followed by drawing a square of the same size right on top.

Step 2: You will get a bigger rectangle. Now draw another square on the right side of this figure. The new square’s dimensions should be the sum of that of the small square and rectangle.

Step 3: Draw another square at the bottom, with its dimensions being equal to the current figure. Similarly, draw another square on its left, top, and right side until you get the following figure.

Your golden rectangle is complete. If you see here, its dimensions have been taken with the help of the ratio 1:1.618. When you divide 1000 pixels or 1000 cm with 1.618, you get 618. That is the dimension of the biggest square here.

How to Create a Golden Spiral?

Using the above figure, you create a golden spiral.

Step 1: Once you have the figure ready, draw an arc dividing the smallest rectangle. Next, draw another arc in the smallest square.

Step 2: Similarly, draw an arc in every square, creating a growing spiral. You may use a compass to draw the bigger arcs. Here is the final figure.

Your golden spiral is complete!

How to Create a Golden Circle?

Using the previously drawn golden rectangle, you can create a golden circle.

Step 1: Create a golden rectangle.

Step 2: Draw a circle in each of the squares.

Congratulations! You have successfully drawn the golden circles. Now that you have the basic knowledge let us see how you can use them in designing. Here are a few ways to how you can use the golden ratio in your designing work.

1.      Golden Ratio in Logo Designing

The logo is the reflection of your brand. It is used to deliver the core message of your company. That is why it is essential to create a logo design that will sit in the minds of your customers in the first look.

(Source : Google Images)

With the help of the golden ratio, you can construct a logo that is pleasant to the eyes. It will help your viewers connect to your product almost instantly. Don’t believe it? Some of the greatest brands, such as Pepsi, Apple, and many more, have followed the same rule.

The golden ratio helps you to get the precise proportions of each shape, along with the right positioning. It will convert your design to the bet it can be by balancing out the figure, placement, and much more.

2.      Golden Ratio in Layouts

A layout is a significant tool when it comes to graphic designing. It helps you arrange elements on a page by determining their positions and organizing them in a proper structure. With the help of layouts, you can design your page such that it clearly communicates your message.

(Source : Google Images)

By incorporating the golden ratio here, you can determine the correct dimensions of panels. For example, you can use the golden spiral to place your images at the correct spot. Additionally, you can use the golden rectangle to divide your page into sections of content and images.

These are just two examples. There’s so much more you can do to enhance your layout with the help of the golden ratio. By dividing a layout’s width in the ratio 1:1.618, you will get the focal point for your main content. It will be more pleasing and attractive to your viewers.

3.      Golden Ratio in Typography

Not only shapes, but you can also use the golden ratio to find out the precise size for your text. Typography is one of the most vital aspects of delivering your message pleasantly. If your text is too small, it will be a big turn-down for the reader, resulting in skipping your page.

(Source : Google Images)

On the other hand, if your text is too big, it will look distorted and unorganized. The same goes for uneven sizes. Using this mathematical ratio, you can get the correct size hierarchy for your content. It would result in an outcome that seems easy to read and attractive to the eyes.

For example, if the body text of your page is 12 pixels, you can multiply it with 1.618 to get 19.4. Therefore, the optimum heading size for you would be 18-19 pixels. If your title is 28px and you want the correct size for your body text, divide it by 1.618. The result is 17.3. Thus, you can choose 17 or 18 for your text.

The golden ratio isn’t always one of the critical elements of an appealing design, but it can definitely feel like a cheat code sometimes.

4.  Golden Ratio for Images

Images are the center point of any page. They can deliver your message even before the viewer reads the title or the content body. It is the first thing that your customer will notice. Therefore, getting the right size, composition, and position of an image is of utmost importance.

(Source : Google Images)

You may resize your image or change its position. How do you know which is the correct position to grab your viewer’s attention? Using the golden spiral, it’s a piece of cake. All you got to do is place the spiral on top of the image.

If the main or focal point of the image falls right at the center of the spiral, consider the size correct. The same method can be used to achieve the right placement of the image on the page. Centralizing the picture will add more energy to the overall look.

Golden Ratio Tools

Do you now realize the significance of the golden ratio in designing? Even though you may have understood its use, it may seem a little complicated. However, using the golden ratio is essential to gain that perfect view in your work. So, what’s the solution?

Multiple tools can help you incorporate the golden ratio in your designing work. Here are a few of them

·         goldenRATIO is an app that helps designers create layouts, websites, and more with the golden ratio.

·         Golden Ratio Calculator is a tool that allows you to figure out the golden ratio by measuring the dimensions.

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·         Golden Ratio Typography calculator helps you optimize your page by giving the correct font dimensions.

Does the golden ratio feel a bit like magic? Wait until you experience the magic of a subscription workforce.


The golden ratio has a plethora of uses for designers irrespective of their work. Be it a small project or a big one, it can help you level-up by reaching the ultimate consistency. From minor editing to creating large designs, the golden ratio can dramatically enhance your work!

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